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aplay.c

/*
 *  aplay.c - plays and records
 *
 *      CREATIVE LABS CHANNEL-files
 *      Microsoft WAVE-files
 *      SPARC AUDIO .AU-files
 *      Raw Data
 *
 *  Copyright (c) by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
 *  Based on vplay program by Michael Beck
 *
 *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *   (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *   GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
 *
 */

#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <stdio.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <alsa/asoundlib.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <sys/poll.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/signal.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include "aconfig.h"
#include "gettext.h"
#include "formats.h"
#include "version.h"

#ifndef LLONG_MAX
#define LLONG_MAX    9223372036854775807LL
#endif

#define DEFAULT_FORMAT        SND_PCM_FORMAT_U8
#define DEFAULT_SPEED         8000

#define FORMAT_DEFAULT        -1
#define FORMAT_RAW            0
#define FORMAT_VOC            1
#define FORMAT_WAVE           2
#define FORMAT_AU       3

/* global data */

static snd_pcm_sframes_t (*readi_func)(snd_pcm_t *handle, void *buffer, snd_pcm_uframes_t size);
static snd_pcm_sframes_t (*writei_func)(snd_pcm_t *handle, const void *buffer, snd_pcm_uframes_t size);
static snd_pcm_sframes_t (*readn_func)(snd_pcm_t *handle, void **bufs, snd_pcm_uframes_t size);
static snd_pcm_sframes_t (*writen_func)(snd_pcm_t *handle, void **bufs, snd_pcm_uframes_t size);

enum {
      VUMETER_NONE,
      VUMETER_MONO,
      VUMETER_STEREO
};

static char *command;
static snd_pcm_t *handle;
static struct {
      snd_pcm_format_t format;
      unsigned int channels;
      unsigned int rate;
} hwparams, rhwparams;
static int timelimit = 0;
static int quiet_mode = 0;
static int file_type = FORMAT_DEFAULT;
static int open_mode = 0;
static snd_pcm_stream_t stream = SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
static int mmap_flag = 0;
static int interleaved = 1;
static int nonblock = 0;
static u_char *audiobuf = NULL;
static snd_pcm_uframes_t chunk_size = 0;
static unsigned period_time = 0;
static unsigned buffer_time = 0;
static snd_pcm_uframes_t period_frames = 0;
static snd_pcm_uframes_t buffer_frames = 0;
static int avail_min = -1;
static int start_delay = 0;
static int stop_delay = 0;
static int monotonic = 0;
static int verbose = 0;
static int vumeter = VUMETER_NONE;
static int buffer_pos = 0;
static size_t bits_per_sample, bits_per_frame;
static size_t chunk_bytes;
static int test_position = 0;
static int test_coef = 8;
static int test_nowait = 0;
static snd_output_t *log;

static int fd = -1;
static off64_t pbrec_count = LLONG_MAX, fdcount;
static int vocmajor, vocminor;

/* needed prototypes */

static void playback(char *filename);
static void capture(char *filename);
static void playbackv(char **filenames, unsigned int count);
static void capturev(char **filenames, unsigned int count);

static void begin_voc(int fd, size_t count);
static void end_voc(int fd);
static void begin_wave(int fd, size_t count);
static void end_wave(int fd);
static void begin_au(int fd, size_t count);
static void end_au(int fd);

static const struct fmt_capture {
      void (*start) (int fd, size_t count);
      void (*end) (int fd);
      char *what;
      long long max_filesize;
} fmt_rec_table[] = {
      {     NULL,       NULL,       N_("raw data"),         LLONG_MAX },
      {     begin_voc,  end_voc,    N_("VOC"),        16000000LL },
      /* FIXME: can WAV handle exactly 2GB or less than it? */
      {     begin_wave, end_wave,   N_("WAVE"),       2147483648LL },
      {     begin_au,   end_au,           N_("Sparc Audio"),      LLONG_MAX }
};

#if __GNUC__ > 2 || (__GNUC__ == 2 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 95)
#define error(...) do {\
      fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s:%d: ", command, __FUNCTION__, __LINE__); \
      fprintf(stderr, __VA_ARGS__); \
      putc('\n', stderr); \
} while (0)
#else
#define error(args...) do {\
      fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s:%d: ", command, __FUNCTION__, __LINE__); \
      fprintf(stderr, ##args); \
      putc('\n', stderr); \
} while (0)
#endif      

static void usage(char *command)
{
      snd_pcm_format_t k;
      printf(
_("Usage: %s [OPTION]... [FILE]...\n"
"\n"
"-h, --help              help\n"
"    --version           print current version\n"
"-l, --list-devices      list all soundcards and digital audio devices\n"
"-L, --list-pcms         list device names\n"
"-D, --device=NAME       select PCM by name\n"
"-q, --quiet             quiet mode\n"
"-t, --file-type TYPE    file type (voc, wav, raw or au)\n"
"-c, --channels=#        channels\n"
"-f, --format=FORMAT     sample format (case insensitive)\n"
"-r, --rate=#            sample rate\n"
"-d, --duration=#        interrupt after # seconds\n"
"-M, --mmap              mmap stream\n"
"-N, --nonblock          nonblocking mode\n"
"-F, --period-time=#     distance between interrupts is # microseconds\n"
"-B, --buffer-time=#     buffer duration is # microseconds\n"
"    --period-size=#     distance between interrupts is # frames\n"
"    --buffer-size=#     buffer duration is # frames\n"
"-A, --avail-min=#       min available space for wakeup is # microseconds\n"
"-R, --start-delay=#     delay for automatic PCM start is # microseconds \n"
"                        (relative to buffer size if <= 0)\n"
"-T, --stop-delay=#      delay for automatic PCM stop is # microseconds from xrun\n"
"-v, --verbose           show PCM structure and setup (accumulative)\n"
"-V, --vumeter=TYPE      enable VU meter (TYPE: mono or stereo)\n"
"-I, --separate-channels one file for each channel\n"
"    --disable-resample  disable automatic rate resample\n"
"    --disable-channels  disable automatic channel conversions\n"
"    --disable-format    disable automatic format conversions\n"
"    --disable-softvol   disable software volume control (softvol)\n"
"    --test-position     test ring buffer position\n"
"    --test-coef=#       test coeficient for ring buffer position (default 8)\n"
"                        expression for validation is: coef * (buffer_size / 2)\n"
"    --test-nowait       do not wait for ring buffer - eats whole CPU\n")
            , command);
      printf(_("Recognized sample formats are:"));
      for (k = 0; k < SND_PCM_FORMAT_LAST; ++k) {
            const char *s = snd_pcm_format_name(k);
            if (s)
                  printf(" %s", s);
      }
      printf(_("\nSome of these may not be available on selected hardware\n"));
      printf(_("The availabled format shortcuts are:\n"));
      printf(_("-f cd (16 bit little endian, 44100, stereo)\n"));
      printf(_("-f cdr (16 bit big endian, 44100, stereo)\n"));
      printf(_("-f dat (16 bit little endian, 48000, stereo)\n"));
}

static void device_list(void)
{
      snd_ctl_t *handle;
      int card, err, dev, idx;
      snd_ctl_card_info_t *info;
      snd_pcm_info_t *pcminfo;
      snd_ctl_card_info_alloca(&info);
      snd_pcm_info_alloca(&pcminfo);

      card = -1;
      if (snd_card_next(&card) < 0 || card < 0) {
            error(_("no soundcards found..."));
            return;
      }
      printf(_("**** List of %s Hardware Devices ****\n"),
             snd_pcm_stream_name(stream));
      while (card >= 0) {
            char name[32];
            sprintf(name, "hw:%d", card);
            if ((err = snd_ctl_open(&handle, name, 0)) < 0) {
                  error("control open (%i): %s", card, snd_strerror(err));
                  goto next_card;
            }
            if ((err = snd_ctl_card_info(handle, info)) < 0) {
                  error("control hardware info (%i): %s", card, snd_strerror(err));
                  snd_ctl_close(handle);
                  goto next_card;
            }
            dev = -1;
            while (1) {
                  unsigned int count;
                  if (snd_ctl_pcm_next_device(handle, &dev)<0)
                        error("snd_ctl_pcm_next_device");
                  if (dev < 0)
                        break;
                  snd_pcm_info_set_device(pcminfo, dev);
                  snd_pcm_info_set_subdevice(pcminfo, 0);
                  snd_pcm_info_set_stream(pcminfo, stream);
                  if ((err = snd_ctl_pcm_info(handle, pcminfo)) < 0) {
                        if (err != -ENOENT)
                              error("control digital audio info (%i): %s", card, snd_strerror(err));
                        continue;
                  }
                  printf(_("card %i: %s [%s], device %i: %s [%s]\n"),
                        card, snd_ctl_card_info_get_id(info), snd_ctl_card_info_get_name(info),
                        dev,
                        snd_pcm_info_get_id(pcminfo),
                        snd_pcm_info_get_name(pcminfo));
                  count = snd_pcm_info_get_subdevices_count(pcminfo);
                  printf( _("  Subdevices: %i/%i\n"),
                        snd_pcm_info_get_subdevices_avail(pcminfo), count);
                  for (idx = 0; idx < (int)count; idx++) {
                        snd_pcm_info_set_subdevice(pcminfo, idx);
                        if ((err = snd_ctl_pcm_info(handle, pcminfo)) < 0) {
                              error("control digital audio playback info (%i): %s", card, snd_strerror(err));
                        } else {
                              printf(_("  Subdevice #%i: %s\n"),
                                    idx, snd_pcm_info_get_subdevice_name(pcminfo));
                        }
                  }
            }
            snd_ctl_close(handle);
      next_card:
            if (snd_card_next(&card) < 0) {
                  error("snd_card_next");
                  break;
            }
      }
}

static void pcm_list(void)
{
      void **hints, **n;
      char *name, *descr, *descr1, *io;
      const char *filter;

      if (snd_device_name_hint(-1, "pcm", &hints) < 0)
            return;
      n = hints;
      filter = stream == SND_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE ? "Input" : "Output";
      while (*n != NULL) {
            name = snd_device_name_get_hint(*n, "NAME");
            descr = snd_device_name_get_hint(*n, "DESC");
            io = snd_device_name_get_hint(*n, "IOID");
            if (io != NULL && strcmp(io, filter) != 0)
                  goto __end;
            printf("%s\n", name);
            if ((descr1 = descr) != NULL) {
                  printf("    ");
                  while (*descr1) {
                        if (*descr1 == '\n')
                              printf("\n    ");
                        else
                              putchar(*descr1);
                        descr1++;
                  }
                  putchar('\n');
            }
            __end:
                  if (name != NULL)
                        free(name);
            if (descr != NULL)
                  free(descr);
            if (io != NULL)
                  free(io);
            n++;
      }
      snd_device_name_free_hint(hints);
}

static void version(void)
{
      printf("%s: version " SND_UTIL_VERSION_STR " by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>\n", command);
}

static void signal_handler(int sig)
{
      if (verbose==2)
            putchar('\n');
      if (!quiet_mode)
            fprintf(stderr, _("Aborted by signal %s...\n"), strsignal(sig));
      if (stream == SND_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE) {
            if (fmt_rec_table[file_type].end) {
                  fmt_rec_table[file_type].end(fd);
                  fd = -1;
            }
            stream = -1;
      }
      if (fd > 1) {
            close(fd);
            fd = -1;
      }
      if (handle && sig != SIGABRT) {
            snd_pcm_close(handle);
            handle = NULL;
      }
      exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

enum {
      OPT_VERSION = 1,
      OPT_PERIOD_SIZE,
      OPT_BUFFER_SIZE,
      OPT_DISABLE_RESAMPLE,
      OPT_DISABLE_CHANNELS,
      OPT_DISABLE_FORMAT,
      OPT_DISABLE_SOFTVOL,
      OPT_TEST_POSITION,
      OPT_TEST_COEF,
      OPT_TEST_NOWAIT
};

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
      int option_index;
      static const char short_options[] = "hnlLD:qt:c:f:r:d:MNF:A:R:T:B:vV:IPC";
      static const struct option long_options[] = {
            {"help", 0, 0, 'h'},
            {"version", 0, 0, OPT_VERSION},
            {"list-devnames", 0, 0, 'n'},
            {"list-devices", 0, 0, 'l'},
            {"list-pcms", 0, 0, 'L'},
            {"device", 1, 0, 'D'},
            {"quiet", 0, 0, 'q'},
            {"file-type", 1, 0, 't'},
            {"channels", 1, 0, 'c'},
            {"format", 1, 0, 'f'},
            {"rate", 1, 0, 'r'},
            {"duration", 1, 0 ,'d'},
            {"mmap", 0, 0, 'M'},
            {"nonblock", 0, 0, 'N'},
            {"period-time", 1, 0, 'F'},
            {"period-size", 1, 0, OPT_PERIOD_SIZE},
            {"avail-min", 1, 0, 'A'},
            {"start-delay", 1, 0, 'R'},
            {"stop-delay", 1, 0, 'T'},
            {"buffer-time", 1, 0, 'B'},
            {"buffer-size", 1, 0, OPT_BUFFER_SIZE},
            {"verbose", 0, 0, 'v'},
            {"vumeter", 1, 0, 'V'},
            {"separate-channels", 0, 0, 'I'},
            {"playback", 0, 0, 'P'},
            {"capture", 0, 0, 'C'},
            {"disable-resample", 0, 0, OPT_DISABLE_RESAMPLE},
            {"disable-channels", 0, 0, OPT_DISABLE_CHANNELS},
            {"disable-format", 0, 0, OPT_DISABLE_FORMAT},
            {"disable-softvol", 0, 0, OPT_DISABLE_SOFTVOL},
            {"test-position", 0, 0, OPT_TEST_POSITION},
            {"test-coef", 1, 0, OPT_TEST_COEF},
            {"test-nowait", 0, 0, OPT_TEST_NOWAIT},
            {0, 0, 0, 0}
      };
      char *pcm_name = "default";
      int tmp, err, c;
      int do_device_list = 0, do_pcm_list = 0;
      snd_pcm_info_t *info;

#ifdef ENABLE_NLS
      setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
      textdomain(PACKAGE);
#endif

      snd_pcm_info_alloca(&info);

      err = snd_output_stdio_attach(&log, stderr, 0);
      assert(err >= 0);

      command = argv[0];
      file_type = FORMAT_DEFAULT;
      if (strstr(argv[0], "arecord")) {
            stream = SND_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE;
            file_type = FORMAT_WAVE;
            command = "arecord";
            start_delay = 1;
      } else if (strstr(argv[0], "aplay")) {
            stream = SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
            command = "aplay";
      } else {
            error(_("command should be named either arecord or aplay"));
            return 1;
      }

      chunk_size = -1;
      rhwparams.format = DEFAULT_FORMAT;
      rhwparams.rate = DEFAULT_SPEED;
      rhwparams.channels = 1;

      while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, short_options, long_options, &option_index)) != -1) {
            switch (c) {
            case 'h':
                  usage(command);
                  return 0;
            case OPT_VERSION:
                  version();
                  return 0;
            case 'l':
                  do_device_list = 1;
                  break;
            case 'L':
                  do_pcm_list = 1;
                  break;
            case 'D':
                  pcm_name = optarg;
                  break;
            case 'q':
                  quiet_mode = 1;
                  break;
            case 't':
                  if (strcasecmp(optarg, "raw") == 0)
                        file_type = FORMAT_RAW;
                  else if (strcasecmp(optarg, "voc") == 0)
                        file_type = FORMAT_VOC;
                  else if (strcasecmp(optarg, "wav") == 0)
                        file_type = FORMAT_WAVE;
                  else if (strcasecmp(optarg, "au") == 0 || strcasecmp(optarg, "sparc") == 0)
                        file_type = FORMAT_AU;
                  else {
                        error(_("unrecognized file format %s"), optarg);
                        return 1;
                  }
                  break;
            case 'c':
                  rhwparams.channels = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
                  if (rhwparams.channels < 1 || rhwparams.channels > 32) {
                        error(_("value %i for channels is invalid"), rhwparams.channels);
                        return 1;
                  }
                  break;
            case 'f':
                  if (strcasecmp(optarg, "cd") == 0 || strcasecmp(optarg, "cdr") == 0) {
                        if (strcasecmp(optarg, "cdr") == 0)
                              rhwparams.format = SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE;
                        else
                              rhwparams.format = file_type == FORMAT_AU ? SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE : SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE;
                        rhwparams.rate = 44100;
                        rhwparams.channels = 2;
                  } else if (strcasecmp(optarg, "dat") == 0) {
                        rhwparams.format = file_type == FORMAT_AU ? SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE : SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE;
                        rhwparams.rate = 48000;
                        rhwparams.channels = 2;
                  } else {
                        rhwparams.format = snd_pcm_format_value(optarg);
                        if (rhwparams.format == SND_PCM_FORMAT_UNKNOWN) {
                              error(_("wrong extended format '%s'"), optarg);
                              exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                        }
                  }
                  break;
            case 'r':
                  tmp = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
                  if (tmp < 300)
                        tmp *= 1000;
                  rhwparams.rate = tmp;
                  if (tmp < 2000 || tmp > 192000) {
                        error(_("bad speed value %i"), tmp);
                        return 1;
                  }
                  break;
            case 'd':
                  timelimit = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
                  break;
            case 'N':
                  nonblock = 1;
                  open_mode |= SND_PCM_NONBLOCK;
                  break;
            case 'F':
                  period_time = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
                  break;
            case 'B':
                  buffer_time = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
                  break;
            case OPT_PERIOD_SIZE:
                  period_frames = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
                  break;
            case OPT_BUFFER_SIZE:
                  buffer_frames = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
                  break;
            case 'A':
                  avail_min = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
                  break;
            case 'R':
                  start_delay = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
                  break;
            case 'T':
                  stop_delay = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
                  break;
            case 'v':
                  verbose++;
                  if (verbose > 1 && !vumeter)
                        vumeter = VUMETER_MONO;
                  break;
            case 'V':
                  if (*optarg == 's')
                        vumeter = VUMETER_STEREO;
                  else if (*optarg == 'm')
                        vumeter = VUMETER_MONO;
                  else
                        vumeter = VUMETER_NONE;
                  break;
            case 'M':
                  mmap_flag = 1;
                  break;
            case 'I':
                  interleaved = 0;
                  break;
            case 'P':
                  stream = SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
                  command = "aplay";
                  break;
            case 'C':
                  stream = SND_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE;
                  command = "arecord";
                  start_delay = 1;
                  if (file_type == FORMAT_DEFAULT)
                        file_type = FORMAT_WAVE;
                  break;
            case OPT_DISABLE_RESAMPLE:
                  open_mode |= SND_PCM_NO_AUTO_RESAMPLE;
                  break;
            case OPT_DISABLE_CHANNELS:
                  open_mode |= SND_PCM_NO_AUTO_CHANNELS;
                  break;
            case OPT_DISABLE_FORMAT:
                  open_mode |= SND_PCM_NO_AUTO_FORMAT;
                  break;
            case OPT_DISABLE_SOFTVOL:
                  open_mode |= SND_PCM_NO_SOFTVOL;
                  break;
            case OPT_TEST_POSITION:
                  test_position = 1;
                  break;
            case OPT_TEST_COEF:
                  test_coef = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0);
                  if (test_coef < 1)
                        test_coef = 1;
                  break;
            case OPT_TEST_NOWAIT:
                  test_nowait = 1;
                  break;
            default:
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Try `%s --help' for more information.\n"), command);
                  return 1;
            }
      }

      if (do_device_list) {
            if (do_pcm_list) pcm_list();
            device_list();
            goto __end;
      } else if (do_pcm_list) {
            pcm_list();
            goto __end;
      }

      err = snd_pcm_open(&handle, pcm_name, stream, open_mode);
      if (err < 0) {
            error(_("audio open error: %s"), snd_strerror(err));
            return 1;
      }

      if ((err = snd_pcm_info(handle, info)) < 0) {
            error(_("info error: %s"), snd_strerror(err));
            return 1;
      }

      if (nonblock) {
            err = snd_pcm_nonblock(handle, 1);
            if (err < 0) {
                  error(_("nonblock setting error: %s"), snd_strerror(err));
                  return 1;
            }
      }

      chunk_size = 1024;
      hwparams = rhwparams;

      audiobuf = (u_char *)malloc(1024);
      if (audiobuf == NULL) {
            error(_("not enough memory"));
            return 1;
      }

      if (mmap_flag) {
            writei_func = snd_pcm_mmap_writei;
            readi_func = snd_pcm_mmap_readi;
            writen_func = snd_pcm_mmap_writen;
            readn_func = snd_pcm_mmap_readn;
      } else {
            writei_func = snd_pcm_writei;
            readi_func = snd_pcm_readi;
            writen_func = snd_pcm_writen;
            readn_func = snd_pcm_readn;
      }


      signal(SIGINT, signal_handler);
      signal(SIGTERM, signal_handler);
      signal(SIGABRT, signal_handler);
      if (interleaved) {
            if (optind > argc - 1) {
                  if (stream == SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
                        playback(NULL);
                  else
                        capture(NULL);
            } else {
                  while (optind <= argc - 1) {
                        if (stream == SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
                              playback(argv[optind++]);
                        else
                              capture(argv[optind++]);
                  }
            }
      } else {
            if (stream == SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
                  playbackv(&argv[optind], argc - optind);
            else
                  capturev(&argv[optind], argc - optind);
      }
      if (verbose==2)
            putchar('\n');
      snd_pcm_close(handle);
      free(audiobuf);
      __end:
      snd_output_close(log);
      snd_config_update_free_global();
      return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

/*
 * Safe read (for pipes)
 */
 
static ssize_t safe_read(int fd, void *buf, size_t count)
{
      ssize_t result = 0, res;

      while (count > 0) {
            if ((res = read(fd, buf, count)) == 0)
                  break;
            if (res < 0)
                  return result > 0 ? result : res;
            count -= res;
            result += res;
            buf = (char *)buf + res;
      }
      return result;
}

/*
 * Test, if it is a .VOC file and return >=0 if ok (this is the length of rest)
 *                                       < 0 if not 
 */
static int test_vocfile(void *buffer)
{
      VocHeader *vp = buffer;

      if (!memcmp(vp->magic, VOC_MAGIC_STRING, 20)) {
            vocminor = LE_SHORT(vp->version) & 0xFF;
            vocmajor = LE_SHORT(vp->version) / 256;
            if (LE_SHORT(vp->version) != (0x1233 - LE_SHORT(vp->coded_ver)))
                  return -2;  /* coded version mismatch */
            return LE_SHORT(vp->headerlen) - sizeof(VocHeader);   /* 0 mostly */
      }
      return -1;        /* magic string fail */
}

/*
 * helper for test_wavefile
 */

static size_t test_wavefile_read(int fd, u_char *buffer, size_t *size, size_t reqsize, int line)
{
      if (*size >= reqsize)
            return *size;
      if ((size_t)safe_read(fd, buffer + *size, reqsize - *size) != reqsize - *size) {
            error(_("read error (called from line %i)"), line);
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      return *size = reqsize;
}

#define check_wavefile_space(buffer, len, blimit) \
      if (len > blimit) { \
            blimit = len; \
            if ((buffer = realloc(buffer, blimit)) == NULL) { \
                  error(_("not enough memory"));              \
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE); \
            } \
      }

/*
 * test, if it's a .WAV file, > 0 if ok (and set the speed, stereo etc.)
 *                            == 0 if not
 * Value returned is bytes to be discarded.
 */
static ssize_t test_wavefile(int fd, u_char *_buffer, size_t size)
{
      WaveHeader *h = (WaveHeader *)_buffer;
      u_char *buffer = NULL;
      size_t blimit = 0;
      WaveFmtBody *f;
      WaveChunkHeader *c;
      u_int type, len;

      if (size < sizeof(WaveHeader))
            return -1;
      if (h->magic != WAV_RIFF || h->type != WAV_WAVE)
            return -1;
      if (size > sizeof(WaveHeader)) {
            check_wavefile_space(buffer, size - sizeof(WaveHeader), blimit);
            memcpy(buffer, _buffer + sizeof(WaveHeader), size - sizeof(WaveHeader));
      }
      size -= sizeof(WaveHeader);
      while (1) {
            check_wavefile_space(buffer, sizeof(WaveChunkHeader), blimit);
            test_wavefile_read(fd, buffer, &size, sizeof(WaveChunkHeader), __LINE__);
            c = (WaveChunkHeader*)buffer;
            type = c->type;
            len = LE_INT(c->length);
            len += len % 2;
            if (size > sizeof(WaveChunkHeader))
                  memmove(buffer, buffer + sizeof(WaveChunkHeader), size - sizeof(WaveChunkHeader));
            size -= sizeof(WaveChunkHeader);
            if (type == WAV_FMT)
                  break;
            check_wavefile_space(buffer, len, blimit);
            test_wavefile_read(fd, buffer, &size, len, __LINE__);
            if (size > len)
                  memmove(buffer, buffer + len, size - len);
            size -= len;
      }

      if (len < sizeof(WaveFmtBody)) {
            error(_("unknown length of 'fmt ' chunk (read %u, should be %u at least)"),
                  len, (u_int)sizeof(WaveFmtBody));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      check_wavefile_space(buffer, len, blimit);
      test_wavefile_read(fd, buffer, &size, len, __LINE__);
      f = (WaveFmtBody*) buffer;
      if (LE_SHORT(f->format) == WAV_FMT_EXTENSIBLE) {
            WaveFmtExtensibleBody *fe = (WaveFmtExtensibleBody*)buffer;
            if (len < sizeof(WaveFmtExtensibleBody)) {
                  error(_("unknown length of extensible 'fmt ' chunk (read %u, should be %u at least)"),
                              len, (u_int)sizeof(WaveFmtExtensibleBody));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            if (memcmp(fe->guid_tag, WAV_GUID_TAG, 14) != 0) {
                  error(_("wrong format tag in extensible 'fmt ' chunk"));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            f->format = fe->guid_format;
      }
        if (LE_SHORT(f->format) != WAV_FMT_PCM &&
            LE_SHORT(f->format) != WAV_FMT_IEEE_FLOAT) {
                error(_("can't play WAVE-file format 0x%04x which is not PCM or FLOAT encoded"), LE_SHORT(f->format));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      if (LE_SHORT(f->channels) < 1) {
            error(_("can't play WAVE-files with %d tracks"), LE_SHORT(f->channels));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      hwparams.channels = LE_SHORT(f->channels);
      switch (LE_SHORT(f->bit_p_spl)) {
      case 8:
            if (hwparams.format != DEFAULT_FORMAT &&
                hwparams.format != SND_PCM_FORMAT_U8)
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Warning: format is changed to U8\n"));
            hwparams.format = SND_PCM_FORMAT_U8;
            break;
      case 16:
            if (hwparams.format != DEFAULT_FORMAT &&
                hwparams.format != SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE)
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Warning: format is changed to S16_LE\n"));
            hwparams.format = SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE;
            break;
      case 24:
            switch (LE_SHORT(f->byte_p_spl) / hwparams.channels) {
            case 3:
                  if (hwparams.format != DEFAULT_FORMAT &&
                      hwparams.format != SND_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3LE)
                        fprintf(stderr, _("Warning: format is changed to S24_3LE\n"));
                  hwparams.format = SND_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3LE;
                  break;
            case 4:
                  if (hwparams.format != DEFAULT_FORMAT &&
                      hwparams.format != SND_PCM_FORMAT_S24_LE)
                        fprintf(stderr, _("Warning: format is changed to S24_LE\n"));
                  hwparams.format = SND_PCM_FORMAT_S24_LE;
                  break;
            default:
                  error(_(" can't play WAVE-files with sample %d bits in %d bytes wide (%d channels)"),
                        LE_SHORT(f->bit_p_spl), LE_SHORT(f->byte_p_spl), hwparams.channels);
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            break;
      case 32:
                if (LE_SHORT(f->format) == WAV_FMT_PCM)
                        hwparams.format = SND_PCM_FORMAT_S32_LE;
                else if (LE_SHORT(f->format) == WAV_FMT_IEEE_FLOAT)
                        hwparams.format = SND_PCM_FORMAT_FLOAT_LE;
            break;
      default:
            error(_(" can't play WAVE-files with sample %d bits wide"),
                  LE_SHORT(f->bit_p_spl));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      hwparams.rate = LE_INT(f->sample_fq);
      
      if (size > len)
            memmove(buffer, buffer + len, size - len);
      size -= len;
      
      while (1) {
            u_int type, len;

            check_wavefile_space(buffer, sizeof(WaveChunkHeader), blimit);
            test_wavefile_read(fd, buffer, &size, sizeof(WaveChunkHeader), __LINE__);
            c = (WaveChunkHeader*)buffer;
            type = c->type;
            len = LE_INT(c->length);
            if (size > sizeof(WaveChunkHeader))
                  memmove(buffer, buffer + sizeof(WaveChunkHeader), size - sizeof(WaveChunkHeader));
            size -= sizeof(WaveChunkHeader);
            if (type == WAV_DATA) {
                  if (len < pbrec_count && len < 0x7ffffffe)
                        pbrec_count = len;
                  if (size > 0)
                        memcpy(_buffer, buffer, size);
                  free(buffer);
                  return size;
            }
            len += len % 2;
            check_wavefile_space(buffer, len, blimit);
            test_wavefile_read(fd, buffer, &size, len, __LINE__);
            if (size > len)
                  memmove(buffer, buffer + len, size - len);
            size -= len;
      }

      /* shouldn't be reached */
      return -1;
}

/*

 */

static int test_au(int fd, void *buffer)
{
      AuHeader *ap = buffer;

      if (ap->magic != AU_MAGIC)
            return -1;
      if (BE_INT(ap->hdr_size) > 128 || BE_INT(ap->hdr_size) < 24)
            return -1;
      pbrec_count = BE_INT(ap->data_size);
      switch (BE_INT(ap->encoding)) {
      case AU_FMT_ULAW:
            if (hwparams.format != DEFAULT_FORMAT &&
                hwparams.format != SND_PCM_FORMAT_MU_LAW)
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Warning: format is changed to MU_LAW\n"));
            hwparams.format = SND_PCM_FORMAT_MU_LAW;
            break;
      case AU_FMT_LIN8:
            if (hwparams.format != DEFAULT_FORMAT &&
                hwparams.format != SND_PCM_FORMAT_U8)
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Warning: format is changed to U8\n"));
            hwparams.format = SND_PCM_FORMAT_U8;
            break;
      case AU_FMT_LIN16:
            if (hwparams.format != DEFAULT_FORMAT &&
                hwparams.format != SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE)
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Warning: format is changed to S16_BE\n"));
            hwparams.format = SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE;
            break;
      default:
            return -1;
      }
      hwparams.rate = BE_INT(ap->sample_rate);
      if (hwparams.rate < 2000 || hwparams.rate > 256000)
            return -1;
      hwparams.channels = BE_INT(ap->channels);
      if (hwparams.channels < 1 || hwparams.channels > 128)
            return -1;
      if ((size_t)safe_read(fd, buffer + sizeof(AuHeader), BE_INT(ap->hdr_size) - sizeof(AuHeader)) != BE_INT(ap->hdr_size) - sizeof(AuHeader)) {
            error(_("read error"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      return 0;
}

static void show_available_sample_formats(snd_pcm_hw_params_t* params)
{
      snd_pcm_format_t format;

      fprintf(stderr, "Available formats:\n");
      for (format = 0; format < SND_PCM_FORMAT_LAST; format++) {
            if (snd_pcm_hw_params_test_format(handle, params, format) == 0)
                  fprintf(stderr, "- %s\n", snd_pcm_format_name(format));
      }
}

static void set_params(void)
{
      snd_pcm_hw_params_t *params;
      snd_pcm_sw_params_t *swparams;
      snd_pcm_uframes_t buffer_size;
      int err;
      size_t n;
      unsigned int rate;
      snd_pcm_uframes_t start_threshold, stop_threshold;
      snd_pcm_hw_params_alloca(&params);
      snd_pcm_sw_params_alloca(&swparams);
      err = snd_pcm_hw_params_any(handle, params);
      if (err < 0) {
            error(_("Broken configuration for this PCM: no configurations available"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      if (mmap_flag) {
            snd_pcm_access_mask_t *mask = alloca(snd_pcm_access_mask_sizeof());
            snd_pcm_access_mask_none(mask);
            snd_pcm_access_mask_set(mask, SND_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_INTERLEAVED);
            snd_pcm_access_mask_set(mask, SND_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_NONINTERLEAVED);
            snd_pcm_access_mask_set(mask, SND_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_COMPLEX);
            err = snd_pcm_hw_params_set_access_mask(handle, params, mask);
      } else if (interleaved)
            err = snd_pcm_hw_params_set_access(handle, params,
                                       SND_PCM_ACCESS_RW_INTERLEAVED);
      else
            err = snd_pcm_hw_params_set_access(handle, params,
                                       SND_PCM_ACCESS_RW_NONINTERLEAVED);
      if (err < 0) {
            error(_("Access type not available"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      err = snd_pcm_hw_params_set_format(handle, params, hwparams.format);
      if (err < 0) {
            error(_("Sample format non available"));
            show_available_sample_formats(params);
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      err = snd_pcm_hw_params_set_channels(handle, params, hwparams.channels);
      if (err < 0) {
            error(_("Channels count non available"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }

#if 0
      err = snd_pcm_hw_params_set_periods_min(handle, params, 2);
      assert(err >= 0);
#endif
      rate = hwparams.rate;
      err = snd_pcm_hw_params_set_rate_near(handle, params, &hwparams.rate, 0);
      assert(err >= 0);
      if ((float)rate * 1.05 < hwparams.rate || (float)rate * 0.95 > hwparams.rate) {
            if (!quiet_mode) {
                  char plugex[64];
                  const char *pcmname = snd_pcm_name(handle);
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Warning: rate is not accurate (requested = %iHz, got = %iHz)\n"), rate, hwparams.rate);
                  if (! pcmname || strchr(snd_pcm_name(handle), ':'))
                        *plugex = 0;
                  else
                        snprintf(plugex, sizeof(plugex), "(-Dplug:%s)",
                               snd_pcm_name(handle));
                  fprintf(stderr, _("         please, try the plug plugin %s\n"),
                        plugex);
            }
      }
      rate = hwparams.rate;
      if (buffer_time == 0 && buffer_frames == 0) {
            err = snd_pcm_hw_params_get_buffer_time_max(params,
                                              &buffer_time, 0);
            assert(err >= 0);
            if (buffer_time > 500000)
                  buffer_time = 500000;
      }
      if (period_time == 0 && period_frames == 0) {
            if (buffer_time > 0)
                  period_time = buffer_time / 4;
            else
                  period_frames = buffer_frames / 4;
      }
      if (period_time > 0)
            err = snd_pcm_hw_params_set_period_time_near(handle, params,
                                               &period_time, 0);
      else
            err = snd_pcm_hw_params_set_period_size_near(handle, params,
                                               &period_frames, 0);
      assert(err >= 0);
      if (buffer_time > 0) {
            err = snd_pcm_hw_params_set_buffer_time_near(handle, params,
                                               &buffer_time, 0);
      } else {
            err = snd_pcm_hw_params_set_buffer_size_near(handle, params,
                                               &buffer_frames);
      }
      assert(err >= 0);
      monotonic = snd_pcm_hw_params_is_monotonic(params);
      err = snd_pcm_hw_params(handle, params);
      if (err < 0) {
            error(_("Unable to install hw params:"));
            snd_pcm_hw_params_dump(params, log);
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      snd_pcm_hw_params_get_period_size(params, &chunk_size, 0);
      snd_pcm_hw_params_get_buffer_size(params, &buffer_size);
      if (chunk_size == buffer_size) {
            error(_("Can't use period equal to buffer size (%lu == %lu)"),
                  chunk_size, buffer_size);
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      snd_pcm_sw_params_current(handle, swparams);
      if (avail_min < 0)
            n = chunk_size;
      else
            n = (double) rate * avail_min / 1000000;
      err = snd_pcm_sw_params_set_avail_min(handle, swparams, n);

      /* round up to closest transfer boundary */
      n = buffer_size;
      if (start_delay <= 0) {
            start_threshold = n + (double) rate * start_delay / 1000000;
      } else
            start_threshold = (double) rate * start_delay / 1000000;
      if (start_threshold < 1)
            start_threshold = 1;
      if (start_threshold > n)
            start_threshold = n;
      err = snd_pcm_sw_params_set_start_threshold(handle, swparams, start_threshold);
      assert(err >= 0);
      if (stop_delay <= 0) 
            stop_threshold = buffer_size + (double) rate * stop_delay / 1000000;
      else
            stop_threshold = (double) rate * stop_delay / 1000000;
      err = snd_pcm_sw_params_set_stop_threshold(handle, swparams, stop_threshold);
      assert(err >= 0);

      if (snd_pcm_sw_params(handle, swparams) < 0) {
            error(_("unable to install sw params:"));
            snd_pcm_sw_params_dump(swparams, log);
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }

      if (verbose)
            snd_pcm_dump(handle, log);

      bits_per_sample = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(hwparams.format);
      bits_per_frame = bits_per_sample * hwparams.channels;
      chunk_bytes = chunk_size * bits_per_frame / 8;
      audiobuf = realloc(audiobuf, chunk_bytes);
      if (audiobuf == NULL) {
            error(_("not enough memory"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      // fprintf(stderr, "real chunk_size = %i, frags = %i, total = %i\n", chunk_size, setup.buf.block.frags, setup.buf.block.frags * chunk_size);

      /* stereo VU-meter isn't always available... */
      if (vumeter == VUMETER_STEREO) {
            if (hwparams.channels != 2 || !interleaved || verbose > 2)
                  vumeter = VUMETER_MONO;
      }

      /* show mmap buffer arragment */
      if (mmap_flag && verbose) {
            const snd_pcm_channel_area_t *areas;
            snd_pcm_uframes_t offset, size = chunk_size;
            int i;
            err = snd_pcm_mmap_begin(handle, &areas, &offset, &size);
            if (err < 0) {
                  error("snd_pcm_mmap_begin problem: %s", snd_strerror(err));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            for (i = 0; i < hwparams.channels; i++)
                  fprintf(stderr, "mmap_area[%i] = %p,%u,%u (%u)\n", i, areas[i].addr, areas[i].first, areas[i].step, snd_pcm_format_physical_width(hwparams.format));
            /* not required, but for sure */
            snd_pcm_mmap_commit(handle, offset, 0);
      }

      buffer_frames = buffer_size;  /* for position test */
}

#ifndef timersub
#define     timersub(a, b, result) \
do { \
      (result)->tv_sec = (a)->tv_sec - (b)->tv_sec; \
      (result)->tv_usec = (a)->tv_usec - (b)->tv_usec; \
      if ((result)->tv_usec < 0) { \
            --(result)->tv_sec; \
            (result)->tv_usec += 1000000; \
      } \
} while (0)
#endif

#ifndef timermsub
#define     timermsub(a, b, result) \
do { \
      (result)->tv_sec = (a)->tv_sec - (b)->tv_sec; \
      (result)->tv_nsec = (a)->tv_nsec - (b)->tv_nsec; \
      if ((result)->tv_nsec < 0) { \
            --(result)->tv_sec; \
            (result)->tv_nsec += 1000000000L; \
      } \
} while (0)
#endif

/* I/O error handler */
static void xrun(void)
{
      snd_pcm_status_t *status;
      int res;
      
      snd_pcm_status_alloca(&status);
      if ((res = snd_pcm_status(handle, status))<0) {
            error(_("status error: %s"), snd_strerror(res));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      if (snd_pcm_status_get_state(status) == SND_PCM_STATE_XRUN) {
            if (monotonic) {
#ifdef HAVE_CLOCK_GETTIME
                  struct timespec now, diff, tstamp;
                  clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &now);
                  snd_pcm_status_get_trigger_htstamp(status, &tstamp);
                  timermsub(&now, &tstamp, &diff);
                  fprintf(stderr, _("%s!!! (at least %.3f ms long)\n"),
                        stream == SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ? _("underrun") : _("overrun"),
                        diff.tv_sec * 1000 + diff.tv_nsec / 10000000.0);
#else
                  fprintf(stderr, "%s !!!\n", _("underrun"));
#endif
            } else {
                  struct timeval now, diff, tstamp;
                  gettimeofday(&now, 0);
                  snd_pcm_status_get_trigger_tstamp(status, &tstamp);
                  timersub(&now, &tstamp, &diff);
                  fprintf(stderr, _("%s!!! (at least %.3f ms long)\n"),
                        stream == SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ? _("underrun") : _("overrun"),
                        diff.tv_sec * 1000 + diff.tv_usec / 1000.0);
            }
            if (verbose) {
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Status:\n"));
                  snd_pcm_status_dump(status, log);
            }
            if ((res = snd_pcm_prepare(handle))<0) {
                  error(_("xrun: prepare error: %s"), snd_strerror(res));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            return;           /* ok, data should be accepted again */
      } if (snd_pcm_status_get_state(status) == SND_PCM_STATE_DRAINING) {
            if (verbose) {
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Status(DRAINING):\n"));
                  snd_pcm_status_dump(status, log);
            }
            if (stream == SND_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE) {
                  fprintf(stderr, _("capture stream format change? attempting recover...\n"));
                  if ((res = snd_pcm_prepare(handle))<0) {
                        error(_("xrun(DRAINING): prepare error: %s"), snd_strerror(res));
                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                  }
                  return;
            }
      }
      if (verbose) {
            fprintf(stderr, _("Status(R/W):\n"));
            snd_pcm_status_dump(status, log);
      }
      error(_("read/write error, state = %s"), snd_pcm_state_name(snd_pcm_status_get_state(status)));
      exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

/* I/O suspend handler */
static void suspend(void)
{
      int res;

      if (!quiet_mode)
            fprintf(stderr, _("Suspended. Trying resume. ")); fflush(stderr);
      while ((res = snd_pcm_resume(handle)) == -EAGAIN)
            sleep(1);   /* wait until suspend flag is released */
      if (res < 0) {
            if (!quiet_mode)
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Failed. Restarting stream. ")); fflush(stderr);
            if ((res = snd_pcm_prepare(handle)) < 0) {
                  error(_("suspend: prepare error: %s"), snd_strerror(res));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
      }
      if (!quiet_mode)
            fprintf(stderr, _("Done.\n"));
}

static void print_vu_meter_mono(int perc, int maxperc)
{
      const int bar_length = 50;
      char line[80];
      int val;

      for (val = 0; val <= perc * bar_length / 100 && val < bar_length; val++)
            line[val] = '#';
      for (; val <= maxperc * bar_length / 100 && val < bar_length; val++)
            line[val] = ' ';
      line[val] = '+';
      for (++val; val <= bar_length; val++)
            line[val] = ' ';
      if (maxperc > 99)
            sprintf(line + val, "| MAX");
      else
            sprintf(line + val, "| %02i%%", maxperc);
      fputs(line, stdout);
      if (perc > 100)
            printf(_(" !clip  "));
}

static void print_vu_meter_stereo(int *perc, int *maxperc)
{
      const int bar_length = 35;
      char line[80];
      int c;

      memset(line, ' ', sizeof(line) - 1);
      line[bar_length + 3] = '|';

      for (c = 0; c < 2; c++) {
            int p = perc[c] * bar_length / 100;
            char tmp[4];
            if (p > bar_length)
                  p = bar_length;
            if (c)
                  memset(line + bar_length + 6 + 1, '#', p);
            else
                  memset(line + bar_length - p - 1, '#', p);
            p = maxperc[c] * bar_length / 100;
            if (p > bar_length)
                  p = bar_length;
            if (c)
                  line[bar_length + 6 + 1 + p] = '+';
            else
                  line[bar_length - p - 1] = '+';
            if (maxperc[c] > 99)
                  sprintf(tmp, "MAX");
            else
                  sprintf(tmp, "%02d%%", maxperc[c]);
            if (c)
                  memcpy(line + bar_length + 3 + 1, tmp, 3);
            else
                  memcpy(line + bar_length, tmp, 3);
      }
      line[bar_length * 2 + 6 + 2] = 0;
      fputs(line, stdout);
}

static void print_vu_meter(signed int *perc, signed int *maxperc)
{
      if (vumeter == VUMETER_STEREO)
            print_vu_meter_stereo(perc, maxperc);
      else
            print_vu_meter_mono(*perc, *maxperc);
}

/* peak handler */
static void compute_max_peak(u_char *data, size_t count)
{
      signed int val, max, perc[2], max_peak[2];
      static      int   run = 0;
      size_t ocount = count;
      int   format_little_endian = snd_pcm_format_little_endian(hwparams.format);   
      int ichans, c;

      if (vumeter == VUMETER_STEREO)
            ichans = 2;
      else
            ichans = 1;

      memset(max_peak, 0, sizeof(max_peak));
      switch (bits_per_sample) {
      case 8: {
            signed char *valp = (signed char *)data;
            signed char mask = snd_pcm_format_silence(hwparams.format);
            c = 0;
            while (count-- > 0) {
                  val = *valp++ ^ mask;
                  val = abs(val);
                  if (max_peak[c] < val)
                        max_peak[c] = val;
                  if (vumeter == VUMETER_STEREO)
                        c = !c;
            }
            break;
      }
      case 16: {
            signed short *valp = (signed short *)data;
            signed short mask = snd_pcm_format_silence_16(hwparams.format);
            signed short sval;

            count /= 2;
            c = 0;
            while (count-- > 0) {
                  if (format_little_endian)
                        sval = __le16_to_cpu(*valp);
                  else
                        sval = __be16_to_cpu(*valp);
                  sval = abs(sval) ^ mask;
                  if (max_peak[c] < sval)
                        max_peak[c] = sval;
                  valp++;
                  if (vumeter == VUMETER_STEREO)
                        c = !c;
            }
            break;
      }
      case 24: {
            unsigned char *valp = data;
            signed int mask = snd_pcm_format_silence_32(hwparams.format);

            count /= 3;
            c = 0;
            while (count-- > 0) {
                  if (format_little_endian) {
                        val = valp[0] | (valp[1]<<8) | (valp[2]<<16);
                  } else {
                        val = (valp[0]<<16) | (valp[1]<<8) | valp[2];
                  }
                  /* Correct signed bit in 32-bit value */
                  if (val & (1<<(bits_per_sample-1))) {
                        val |= 0xff<<24;  /* Negate upper bits too */
                  }
                  val = abs(val) ^ mask;
                  if (max_peak[c] < val)
                        max_peak[c] = val;
                  valp += 3;
                  if (vumeter == VUMETER_STEREO)
                        c = !c;
            }
            break;
      }
      case 32: {
            signed int *valp = (signed int *)data;
            signed int mask = snd_pcm_format_silence_32(hwparams.format);

            count /= 4;
            c = 0;
            while (count-- > 0) {
                  if (format_little_endian)
                        val = __le32_to_cpu(*valp);
                  else
                        val = __be32_to_cpu(*valp);
                  val = abs(val) ^ mask;
                  if (max_peak[c] < val)
                        max_peak[c] = val;
                  valp++;
                  if (vumeter == VUMETER_STEREO)
                        c = !c;
            }
            break;
      }
      default:
            if (run == 0) {
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Unsupported bit size %d.\n"), (int)bits_per_sample);
                  run = 1;
            }
            return;
      }
      max = 1 << (bits_per_sample-1);
      if (max <= 0)
            max = 0x7fffffff;

      for (c = 0; c < ichans; c++) {
            if (bits_per_sample > 16)
                  perc[c] = max_peak[c] / (max / 100);
            else
                  perc[c] = max_peak[c] * 100 / max;
      }

      if (interleaved && verbose <= 2) {
            static int maxperc[2];
            static time_t t=0;
            const time_t tt=time(NULL);
            if(tt>t) {
                  t=tt;
                  maxperc[0] = 0;
                  maxperc[1] = 0;
            }
            for (c = 0; c < ichans; c++)
                  if (perc[c] > maxperc[c])
                        maxperc[c] = perc[c];

            putchar('\r');
            print_vu_meter(perc, maxperc);
            fflush(stdout);
      }
      else if(verbose==3) {
            printf(_("Max peak (%li samples): 0x%08x "), (long)ocount, max_peak[0]);
            for (val = 0; val < 20; val++)
                  if (val <= perc[0] / 5)
                        putchar('#');
                  else
                        putchar(' ');
            printf(" %i%%\n", perc[0]);
            fflush(stdout);
      }
}

static void do_test_position(void)
{
      static long counter = 0;
      static time_t tmr = -1;
      time_t now;
      static float availsum, delaysum, samples;
      static snd_pcm_sframes_t maxavail, maxdelay;
      static snd_pcm_sframes_t minavail, mindelay;
      static snd_pcm_sframes_t badavail = 0, baddelay = 0;
      snd_pcm_sframes_t outofrange;
      snd_pcm_sframes_t avail, delay;
      int err;

      err = snd_pcm_avail_delay(handle, &avail, &delay);
      if (err < 0)
            return;
      outofrange = (test_coef * (snd_pcm_sframes_t)buffer_frames) / 2;
      if (avail > outofrange || avail < -outofrange ||
          delay > outofrange || delay < -outofrange) {
        badavail = avail; baddelay = delay;
        availsum = delaysum = samples = 0;
        maxavail = maxdelay = 0;
        minavail = mindelay = buffer_frames * 16;
        fprintf(stderr, _("Suspicious buffer position (%li total): "
            "avail = %li, delay = %li, buffer = %li\n"),
            ++counter, (long)avail, (long)delay, (long)buffer_frames);
      } else if (verbose) {
            time(&now);
            if (tmr == (time_t) -1) {
                  tmr = now;
                  availsum = delaysum = samples = 0;
                  maxavail = maxdelay = 0;
                  minavail = mindelay = buffer_frames * 16;
            }
            if (avail > maxavail)
                  maxavail = avail;
            if (delay > maxdelay)
                  maxdelay = delay;
            if (avail < minavail)
                  minavail = avail;
            if (delay < mindelay)
                  mindelay = delay;
            availsum += avail;
            delaysum += delay;
            samples++;
            if (avail != 0 && now != tmr) {
                  fprintf(stderr, "BUFPOS: avg%li/%li "
                        "min%li/%li max%li/%li (%li) (%li:%li/%li)\n",
                        (long)(availsum / samples),
                        (long)(delaysum / samples),
                        (long)minavail, (long)mindelay,
                        (long)maxavail, (long)maxdelay,
                        (long)buffer_frames,
                        counter, badavail, baddelay);
                  tmr = now;
            }
      }
}

/*
 *  write function
 */

static ssize_t pcm_write(u_char *data, size_t count)
{
      ssize_t r;
      ssize_t result = 0;

      if (count < chunk_size) {
            snd_pcm_format_set_silence(hwparams.format, data + count * bits_per_frame / 8, (chunk_size - count) * hwparams.channels);
            count = chunk_size;
      }
      while (count > 0) {
            if (test_position)
                  do_test_position();
            r = writei_func(handle, data, count);
            if (test_position)
                  do_test_position();
            if (r == -EAGAIN || (r >= 0 && (size_t)r < count)) {
                  if (!test_nowait)
                        snd_pcm_wait(handle, 1000);
            } else if (r == -EPIPE) {
                  xrun();
            } else if (r == -ESTRPIPE) {
                  suspend();
            } else if (r < 0) {
                  error(_("write error: %s"), snd_strerror(r));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            if (r > 0) {
                  if (vumeter)
                        compute_max_peak(data, r * hwparams.channels);
                  result += r;
                  count -= r;
                  data += r * bits_per_frame / 8;
            }
      }
      return result;
}

static ssize_t pcm_writev(u_char **data, unsigned int channels, size_t count)
{
      ssize_t r;
      size_t result = 0;

      if (count != chunk_size) {
            unsigned int channel;
            size_t offset = count;
            size_t remaining = chunk_size - count;
            for (channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++)
                  snd_pcm_format_set_silence(hwparams.format, data[channel] + offset * bits_per_sample / 8, remaining);
            count = chunk_size;
      }
      while (count > 0) {
            unsigned int channel;
            void *bufs[channels];
            size_t offset = result;
            for (channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++)
                  bufs[channel] = data[channel] + offset * bits_per_sample / 8;
            if (test_position)
                  do_test_position();
            r = writen_func(handle, bufs, count);
            if (test_position)
                  do_test_position();
            if (r == -EAGAIN || (r >= 0 && (size_t)r < count)) {
                  if (!test_nowait)
                        snd_pcm_wait(handle, 1000);
            } else if (r == -EPIPE) {
                  xrun();
            } else if (r == -ESTRPIPE) {
                  suspend();
            } else if (r < 0) {
                  error(_("writev error: %s"), snd_strerror(r));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            if (r > 0) {
                  if (vumeter) {
                        for (channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++)
                              compute_max_peak(data[channel], r);
                  }
                  result += r;
                  count -= r;
            }
      }
      return result;
}

/*
 *  read function
 */

static ssize_t pcm_read(u_char *data, size_t rcount)
{
      ssize_t r;
      size_t result = 0;
      size_t count = rcount;

      if (count != chunk_size) {
            count = chunk_size;
      }

      while (count > 0) {
            if (test_position)
                  do_test_position();
            r = readi_func(handle, data, count);
            if (test_position)
                  do_test_position();
            if (r == -EAGAIN || (r >= 0 && (size_t)r < count)) {
                  if (!test_nowait)
                        snd_pcm_wait(handle, 1000);
            } else if (r == -EPIPE) {
                  xrun();
            } else if (r == -ESTRPIPE) {
                  suspend();
            } else if (r < 0) {
                  error(_("read error: %s"), snd_strerror(r));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            if (r > 0) {
                  if (vumeter)
                        compute_max_peak(data, r * hwparams.channels);
                  result += r;
                  count -= r;
                  data += r * bits_per_frame / 8;
            }
      }
      return rcount;
}

static ssize_t pcm_readv(u_char **data, unsigned int channels, size_t rcount)
{
      ssize_t r;
      size_t result = 0;
      size_t count = rcount;

      if (count != chunk_size) {
            count = chunk_size;
      }

      while (count > 0) {
            unsigned int channel;
            void *bufs[channels];
            size_t offset = result;
            for (channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++)
                  bufs[channel] = data[channel] + offset * bits_per_sample / 8;
            if (test_position)
                  do_test_position();
            r = readn_func(handle, bufs, count);
            if (test_position)
                  do_test_position();
            if (r == -EAGAIN || (r >= 0 && (size_t)r < count)) {
                  if (!test_nowait)
                        snd_pcm_wait(handle, 1000);
            } else if (r == -EPIPE) {
                  xrun();
            } else if (r == -ESTRPIPE) {
                  suspend();
            } else if (r < 0) {
                  error(_("readv error: %s"), snd_strerror(r));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            if (r > 0) {
                  if (vumeter) {
                        for (channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++)
                              compute_max_peak(data[channel], r);
                  }
                  result += r;
                  count -= r;
            }
      }
      return rcount;
}

/*
 *  ok, let's play a .voc file
 */

static ssize_t voc_pcm_write(u_char *data, size_t count)
{
      ssize_t result = count, r;
      size_t size;

      while (count > 0) {
            size = count;
            if (size > chunk_bytes - buffer_pos)
                  size = chunk_bytes - buffer_pos;
            memcpy(audiobuf + buffer_pos, data, size);
            data += size;
            count -= size;
            buffer_pos += size;
            if ((size_t)buffer_pos == chunk_bytes) {
                  if ((size_t)(r = pcm_write(audiobuf, chunk_size)) != chunk_size)
                        return r;
                  buffer_pos = 0;
            }
      }
      return result;
}

static void voc_write_silence(unsigned x)
{
      unsigned l;
      u_char *buf;

      buf = (u_char *) malloc(chunk_bytes);
      if (buf == NULL) {
            error(_("can't allocate buffer for silence"));
            return;           /* not fatal error */
      }
      snd_pcm_format_set_silence(hwparams.format, buf, chunk_size * hwparams.channels);
      while (x > 0) {
            l = x;
            if (l > chunk_size)
                  l = chunk_size;
            if (voc_pcm_write(buf, l) != (ssize_t)l) {
                  error(_("write error"));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            x -= l;
      }
      free(buf);
}

static void voc_pcm_flush(void)
{
      if (buffer_pos > 0) {
            size_t b;
            if (snd_pcm_format_set_silence(hwparams.format, audiobuf + buffer_pos, chunk_bytes - buffer_pos * 8 / bits_per_sample) < 0)
                  fprintf(stderr, _("voc_pcm_flush - silence error"));
            b = chunk_size;
            if (pcm_write(audiobuf, b) != (ssize_t)b)
                  error(_("voc_pcm_flush error"));
      }
      snd_pcm_nonblock(handle, 0);
      snd_pcm_drain(handle);
      snd_pcm_nonblock(handle, nonblock);
}

static void voc_play(int fd, int ofs, char *name)
{
      int l;
      VocBlockType *bp;
      VocVoiceData *vd;
      VocExtBlock *eb;
      size_t nextblock, in_buffer;
      u_char *data, *buf;
      char was_extended = 0, output = 0;
      u_short *sp, repeat = 0;
      size_t silence;
      off64_t filepos = 0;

#define COUNT(x)  nextblock -= x; in_buffer -= x; data += x
#define COUNT1(x) in_buffer -= x; data += x

      data = buf = (u_char *)malloc(64 * 1024);
      buffer_pos = 0;
      if (data == NULL) {
            error(_("malloc error"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      if (!quiet_mode) {
            fprintf(stderr, _("Playing Creative Labs Channel file '%s'...\n"), name);
      }
      /* first we waste the rest of header, ugly but we don't need seek */
      while (ofs > (ssize_t)chunk_bytes) {
            if ((size_t)safe_read(fd, buf, chunk_bytes) != chunk_bytes) {
                  error(_("read error"));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            ofs -= chunk_bytes;
      }
      if (ofs) {
            if (safe_read(fd, buf, ofs) != ofs) {
                  error(_("read error"));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
      }
      hwparams.format = DEFAULT_FORMAT;
      hwparams.channels = 1;
      hwparams.rate = DEFAULT_SPEED;
      set_params();

      in_buffer = nextblock = 0;
      while (1) {
            Fill_the_buffer:  /* need this for repeat */
            if (in_buffer < 32) {
                  /* move the rest of buffer to pos 0 and fill the buf up */
                  if (in_buffer)
                        memcpy(buf, data, in_buffer);
                  data = buf;
                  if ((l = safe_read(fd, buf + in_buffer, chunk_bytes - in_buffer)) > 0)
                        in_buffer += l;
                  else if (!in_buffer) {
                        /* the file is truncated, so simulate 'Terminator' 
                           and reduce the datablock for safe landing */
                        nextblock = buf[0] = 0;
                        if (l == -1) {
                              perror(name);
                              exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                        }
                  }
            }
            while (!nextblock) {    /* this is a new block */
                  if (in_buffer < sizeof(VocBlockType))
                        goto __end;
                  bp = (VocBlockType *) data;
                  COUNT1(sizeof(VocBlockType));
                  nextblock = VOC_DATALEN(bp);
                  if (output && !quiet_mode)
                        fprintf(stderr, "\n");  /* write /n after ASCII-out */
                  output = 0;
                  switch (bp->type) {
                  case 0:
#if 0
                        d_printf("Terminator\n");
#endif
                        return;           /* VOC-file stop */
                  case 1:
                        vd = (VocVoiceData *) data;
                        COUNT1(sizeof(VocVoiceData));
                        /* we need a SYNC, before we can set new SPEED, STEREO ... */

                        if (!was_extended) {
                              hwparams.rate = (int) (vd->tc);
                              hwparams.rate = 1000000 / (256 - hwparams.rate);
#if 0
                              d_printf("Channel data %d Hz\n", dsp_speed);
#endif
                              if (vd->pack) {         /* /dev/dsp can't it */
                                    error(_("can't play packed .voc files"));
                                    return;
                              }
                              if (hwparams.channels == 2)         /* if we are in Stereo-Mode, switch back */
                                    hwparams.channels = 1;
                        } else {    /* there was extended block */
                              hwparams.channels = 2;
                              was_extended = 0;
                        }
                        set_params();
                        break;
                  case 2:     /* nothing to do, pure data */
#if 0
                        d_printf("Channel continuation\n");
#endif
                        break;
                  case 3:     /* a silence block, no data, only a count */
                        sp = (u_short *) data;
                        COUNT1(sizeof(u_short));
                        hwparams.rate = (int) (*data);
                        COUNT1(1);
                        hwparams.rate = 1000000 / (256 - hwparams.rate);
                        set_params();
                        silence = (((size_t) * sp) * 1000) / hwparams.rate;
#if 0
                        d_printf("Silence for %d ms\n", (int) silence);
#endif
                        voc_write_silence(*sp);
                        break;
                  case 4:     /* a marker for syncronisation, no effect */
                        sp = (u_short *) data;
                        COUNT1(sizeof(u_short));
#if 0
                        d_printf("Marker %d\n", *sp);
#endif
                        break;
                  case 5:     /* ASCII text, we copy to stderr */
                        output = 1;
#if 0
                        d_printf("ASCII - text :\n");
#endif
                        break;
                  case 6:     /* repeat marker, says repeatcount */
                        /* my specs don't say it: maybe this can be recursive, but
                           I don't think somebody use it */
                        repeat = *(u_short *) data;
                        COUNT1(sizeof(u_short));
#if 0
                        d_printf("Repeat loop %d times\n", repeat);
#endif
                        if (filepos >= 0) {     /* if < 0, one seek fails, why test another */
                              if ((filepos = lseek64(fd, 0, 1)) < 0) {
                                    error(_("can't play loops; %s isn't seekable\n"), name);
                                    repeat = 0;
                              } else {
                                    filepos -= in_buffer;   /* set filepos after repeat */
                              }
                        } else {
                              repeat = 0;
                        }
                        break;
                  case 7:     /* ok, lets repeat that be rewinding tape */
                        if (repeat) {
                              if (repeat != 0xFFFF) {
#if 0
                                    d_printf("Repeat loop %d\n", repeat);
#endif
                                    --repeat;
                              }
#if 0
                              else
                                    d_printf("Neverending loop\n");
#endif
                              lseek64(fd, filepos, 0);
                              in_buffer = 0;    /* clear the buffer */
                              goto Fill_the_buffer;
                        }
#if 0
                        else
                              d_printf("End repeat loop\n");
#endif
                        break;
                  case 8:     /* the extension to play Stereo, I have SB 1.0 :-( */
                        was_extended = 1;
                        eb = (VocExtBlock *) data;
                        COUNT1(sizeof(VocExtBlock));
                        hwparams.rate = (int) (eb->tc);
                        hwparams.rate = 256000000L / (65536 - hwparams.rate);
                        hwparams.channels = eb->mode == VOC_MODE_STEREO ? 2 : 1;
                        if (hwparams.channels == 2)
                              hwparams.rate = hwparams.rate >> 1;
                        if (eb->pack) {         /* /dev/dsp can't it */
                              error(_("can't play packed .voc files"));
                              return;
                        }
#if 0
                        d_printf("Extended block %s %d Hz\n",
                               (eb->mode ? "Stereo" : "Mono"), dsp_speed);
#endif
                        break;
                  default:
                        error(_("unknown blocktype %d. terminate."), bp->type);
                        return;
                  }     /* switch (bp->type) */
            }           /* while (! nextblock)  */
            /* put nextblock data bytes to dsp */
            l = in_buffer;
            if (nextblock < (size_t)l)
                  l = nextblock;
            if (l) {
                  if (output && !quiet_mode) {
                        if (write(2, data, l) != l) { /* to stderr */
                              error(_("write error"));
                              exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                        }
                  } else {
                        if (voc_pcm_write(data, l) != l) {
                              error(_("write error"));
                              exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                        }
                  }
                  COUNT(l);
            }
      }                 /* while(1) */
      __end:
        voc_pcm_flush();
        free(buf);
}
/* that was a big one, perhaps somebody split it :-) */

/* setting the globals for playing raw data */
static void init_raw_data(void)
{
      hwparams = rhwparams;
}

/* calculate the data count to read from/to dsp */
static off64_t calc_count(void)
{
      off64_t count;

      if (timelimit == 0) {
            count = pbrec_count;
      } else {
            count = snd_pcm_format_size(hwparams.format, hwparams.rate * hwparams.channels);
            count *= (off64_t)timelimit;
      }
      return count < pbrec_count ? count : pbrec_count;
}

/* write a .VOC-header */
static void begin_voc(int fd, size_t cnt)
{
      VocHeader vh;
      VocBlockType bt;
      VocVoiceData vd;
      VocExtBlock eb;

      memcpy(vh.magic, VOC_MAGIC_STRING, 20);
      vh.headerlen = LE_SHORT(sizeof(VocHeader));
      vh.version = LE_SHORT(VOC_ACTUAL_VERSION);
      vh.coded_ver = LE_SHORT(0x1233 - VOC_ACTUAL_VERSION);

      if (write(fd, &vh, sizeof(VocHeader)) != sizeof(VocHeader)) {
            error(_("write error"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      if (hwparams.channels > 1) {
            /* write an extended block */
            bt.type = 8;
            bt.datalen = 4;
            bt.datalen_m = bt.datalen_h = 0;
            if (write(fd, &bt, sizeof(VocBlockType)) != sizeof(VocBlockType)) {
                  error(_("write error"));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
            eb.tc = LE_SHORT(65536 - 256000000L / (hwparams.rate << 1));
            eb.pack = 0;
            eb.mode = 1;
            if (write(fd, &eb, sizeof(VocExtBlock)) != sizeof(VocExtBlock)) {
                  error(_("write error"));
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
      }
      bt.type = 1;
      cnt += sizeof(VocVoiceData);  /* Channel_data block follows */
      bt.datalen = (u_char) (cnt & 0xFF);
      bt.datalen_m = (u_char) ((cnt & 0xFF00) >> 8);
      bt.datalen_h = (u_char) ((cnt & 0xFF0000) >> 16);
      if (write(fd, &bt, sizeof(VocBlockType)) != sizeof(VocBlockType)) {
            error(_("write error"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      vd.tc = (u_char) (256 - (1000000 / hwparams.rate));
      vd.pack = 0;
      if (write(fd, &vd, sizeof(VocVoiceData)) != sizeof(VocVoiceData)) {
            error(_("write error"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
}

/* write a WAVE-header */
static void begin_wave(int fd, size_t cnt)
{
      WaveHeader h;
      WaveFmtBody f;
      WaveChunkHeader cf, cd;
      int bits;
      u_int tmp;
      u_short tmp2;

      /* WAVE cannot handle greater than 32bit (signed?) int */
      if (cnt == (size_t)-2)
            cnt = 0x7fffff00;

      bits = 8;
      switch ((unsigned long) hwparams.format) {
      case SND_PCM_FORMAT_U8:
            bits = 8;
            break;
      case SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE:
            bits = 16;
            break;
      case SND_PCM_FORMAT_S32_LE:
        case SND_PCM_FORMAT_FLOAT_LE:
            bits = 32;
            break;
      case SND_PCM_FORMAT_S24_LE:
      case SND_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3LE:
            bits = 24;
            break;
      default:
            error(_("Wave doesn't support %s format..."), snd_pcm_format_name(hwparams.format));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      h.magic = WAV_RIFF;
      tmp = cnt + sizeof(WaveHeader) + sizeof(WaveChunkHeader) + sizeof(WaveFmtBody) + sizeof(WaveChunkHeader) - 8;
      h.length = LE_INT(tmp);
      h.type = WAV_WAVE;

      cf.type = WAV_FMT;
      cf.length = LE_INT(16);

        if (hwparams.format == SND_PCM_FORMAT_FLOAT_LE)
                f.format = LE_SHORT(WAV_FMT_IEEE_FLOAT);
        else
                f.format = LE_SHORT(WAV_FMT_PCM);
      f.channels = LE_SHORT(hwparams.channels);
      f.sample_fq = LE_INT(hwparams.rate);
#if 0
      tmp2 = (samplesize == 8) ? 1 : 2;
      f.byte_p_spl = LE_SHORT(tmp2);
      tmp = dsp_speed * hwparams.channels * (u_int) tmp2;
#else
      tmp2 = hwparams.channels * snd_pcm_format_physical_width(hwparams.format) / 8;
      f.byte_p_spl = LE_SHORT(tmp2);
      tmp = (u_int) tmp2 * hwparams.rate;
#endif
      f.byte_p_sec = LE_INT(tmp);
      f.bit_p_spl = LE_SHORT(bits);

      cd.type = WAV_DATA;
      cd.length = LE_INT(cnt);

      if (write(fd, &h, sizeof(WaveHeader)) != sizeof(WaveHeader) ||
          write(fd, &cf, sizeof(WaveChunkHeader)) != sizeof(WaveChunkHeader) ||
          write(fd, &f, sizeof(WaveFmtBody)) != sizeof(WaveFmtBody) ||
          write(fd, &cd, sizeof(WaveChunkHeader)) != sizeof(WaveChunkHeader)) {
            error(_("write error"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
}

/* write a Au-header */
static void begin_au(int fd, size_t cnt)
{
      AuHeader ah;

      ah.magic = AU_MAGIC;
      ah.hdr_size = BE_INT(24);
      ah.data_size = BE_INT(cnt);
      switch ((unsigned long) hwparams.format) {
      case SND_PCM_FORMAT_MU_LAW:
            ah.encoding = BE_INT(AU_FMT_ULAW);
            break;
      case SND_PCM_FORMAT_U8:
            ah.encoding = BE_INT(AU_FMT_LIN8);
            break;
      case SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE:
            ah.encoding = BE_INT(AU_FMT_LIN16);
            break;
      default:
            error(_("Sparc Audio doesn't support %s format..."), snd_pcm_format_name(hwparams.format));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      ah.sample_rate = BE_INT(hwparams.rate);
      ah.channels = BE_INT(hwparams.channels);
      if (write(fd, &ah, sizeof(AuHeader)) != sizeof(AuHeader)) {
            error(_("write error"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
}

/* closing .VOC */
static void end_voc(int fd)
{
      off64_t length_seek;
      VocBlockType bt;
      size_t cnt;
      char dummy = 0;         /* Write a Terminator */

      if (write(fd, &dummy, 1) != 1) {
            error(_("write error"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      length_seek = sizeof(VocHeader);
      if (hwparams.channels > 1)
            length_seek += sizeof(VocBlockType) + sizeof(VocExtBlock);
      bt.type = 1;
      cnt = fdcount;
      cnt += sizeof(VocVoiceData);  /* Channel_data block follows */
      if (cnt > 0x00ffffff)
            cnt = 0x00ffffff;
      bt.datalen = (u_char) (cnt & 0xFF);
      bt.datalen_m = (u_char) ((cnt & 0xFF00) >> 8);
      bt.datalen_h = (u_char) ((cnt & 0xFF0000) >> 16);
      if (lseek64(fd, length_seek, SEEK_SET) == length_seek)
            write(fd, &bt, sizeof(VocBlockType));
      if (fd != 1)
            close(fd);
}

static void end_wave(int fd)
{                       /* only close output */
      WaveChunkHeader cd;
      off64_t length_seek;
      off64_t filelen;
      u_int rifflen;
      
      length_seek = sizeof(WaveHeader) +
                  sizeof(WaveChunkHeader) +
                  sizeof(WaveFmtBody);
      cd.type = WAV_DATA;
      cd.length = fdcount > 0x7fffffff ? LE_INT(0x7fffffff) : LE_INT(fdcount);
      filelen = fdcount + 2*sizeof(WaveChunkHeader) + sizeof(WaveFmtBody) + 4;
      rifflen = filelen > 0x7fffffff ? LE_INT(0x7fffffff) : LE_INT(filelen);
      if (lseek64(fd, 4, SEEK_SET) == 4)
            write(fd, &rifflen, 4);
      if (lseek64(fd, length_seek, SEEK_SET) == length_seek)
            write(fd, &cd, sizeof(WaveChunkHeader));
      if (fd != 1)
            close(fd);
}

static void end_au(int fd)
{                       /* only close output */
      AuHeader ah;
      off64_t length_seek;
      
      length_seek = (char *)&ah.data_size - (char *)&ah;
      ah.data_size = fdcount > 0xffffffff ? 0xffffffff : BE_INT(fdcount);
      if (lseek64(fd, length_seek, SEEK_SET) == length_seek)
            write(fd, &ah.data_size, sizeof(ah.data_size));
      if (fd != 1)
            close(fd);
}

static void header(int rtype, char *name)
{
      if (!quiet_mode) {
            if (! name)
                  name = (stream == SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) ? "stdout" : "stdin";
            fprintf(stderr, "%s %s '%s' : ",
                  (stream == SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) ? _("Playing") : _("Recording"),
                  gettext(fmt_rec_table[rtype].what),
                  name);
            fprintf(stderr, "%s, ", snd_pcm_format_description(hwparams.format));
            fprintf(stderr, _("Rate %d Hz, "), hwparams.rate);
            if (hwparams.channels == 1)
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Mono"));
            else if (hwparams.channels == 2)
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Stereo"));
            else
                  fprintf(stderr, _("Channels %i"), hwparams.channels);
            fprintf(stderr, "\n");
      }
}

/* playing raw data */

static void playback_go(int fd, size_t loaded, off64_t count, int rtype, char *name)
{
      int l, r;
      off64_t written = 0;
      off64_t c;

      header(rtype, name);
      set_params();

      while (loaded > chunk_bytes && written < count) {
            if (pcm_write(audiobuf + written, chunk_size) <= 0)
                  return;
            written += chunk_bytes;
            loaded -= chunk_bytes;
      }
      if (written > 0 && loaded > 0)
            memmove(audiobuf, audiobuf + written, loaded);

      l = loaded;
      while (written < count) {
            do {
                  c = count - written;
                  if (c > chunk_bytes)
                        c = chunk_bytes;
                  c -= l;

                  if (c == 0)
                        break;
                  r = safe_read(fd, audiobuf + l, c);
                  if (r < 0) {
                        perror(name);
                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                  }
                  fdcount += r;
                  if (r == 0)
                        break;
                  l += r;
            } while ((size_t)l < chunk_bytes);
            l = l * 8 / bits_per_frame;
            r = pcm_write(audiobuf, l);
            if (r != l)
                  break;
            r = r * bits_per_frame / 8;
            written += r;
            l = 0;
      }
      snd_pcm_nonblock(handle, 0);
      snd_pcm_drain(handle);
      snd_pcm_nonblock(handle, nonblock);
}


/*
 *  let's play or capture it (capture_type says VOC/WAVE/raw)
 */

static void playback(char *name)
{
      int ofs;
      size_t dta;
      ssize_t dtawave;

      pbrec_count = LLONG_MAX;
      fdcount = 0;
      if (!name || !strcmp(name, "-")) {
            fd = fileno(stdin);
            name = "stdin";
      } else {
            if ((fd = open64(name, O_RDONLY, 0)) == -1) {
                  perror(name);
                  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }
      }
      /* read the file header */
      dta = sizeof(AuHeader);
      if ((size_t)safe_read(fd, audiobuf, dta) != dta) {
            error(_("read error"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      if (test_au(fd, audiobuf) >= 0) {
            rhwparams.format = hwparams.format;
            pbrec_count = calc_count();
            playback_go(fd, 0, pbrec_count, FORMAT_AU, name);
            goto __end;
      }
      dta = sizeof(VocHeader);
      if ((size_t)safe_read(fd, audiobuf + sizeof(AuHeader),
             dta - sizeof(AuHeader)) != dta - sizeof(AuHeader)) {
            error(_("read error"));
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }
      if ((ofs = test_vocfile(audiobuf)) >= 0) {
            pbrec_count = calc_count();
            voc_play(fd, ofs, name);
            goto __end;
      }
      /* read bytes for WAVE-header */
      if ((dtawave = test_wavefile(fd, audiobuf, dta)) >= 0) {
            pbrec_count = calc_count();
            playback_go(fd, dtawave, pbrec_count, FORMAT_WAVE, name);
      } else {
            /* should be raw data */
            init_raw_data();
            pbrec_count = calc_count();
            playback_go(fd, dta, pbrec_count, FORMAT_RAW, name);
      }
      __end:
      if (fd != 0)
            close(fd);
}

static int new_capture_file(char *name, char *namebuf, size_t namelen,
                      int filecount)
{
      /* get a copy of the original filename */
      char *s;
      char buf[PATH_MAX+1];

      strncpy(buf, name, sizeof(buf));

      /* separate extension from filename */
      s = buf + strlen(buf);
      while (s > buf && *s != '.' && *s != '/')
            --s;
      if (*s == '.')
            *s++ = 0;
      else if (*s == '/')
            s = buf + strlen(buf);

      /* upon first jump to this if block rename the first file */
      if (filecount == 1) {
            if (*s)
                  snprintf(namebuf, namelen, "%s-01.%s", buf, s);
            else
                  snprintf(namebuf, namelen, "%s-01", buf);
            remove(namebuf);
            rename(name, namebuf);
            filecount = 2;
      }

      /* name of the current file */
      if (*s)
            snprintf(namebuf, namelen, "%s-%02i.%s", buf, filecount, s);
      else
            snprintf(namebuf, namelen, "%s-%02i", buf, filecount);

      return filecount;
}

static void capture(char *orig_name)
{
      int tostdout=0;         /* boolean which describes output stream */
      int filecount=0;  /* number of files written */
      char *name = orig_name; /* current filename */
      char namebuf[PATH_MAX+1];
      off64_t count, rest;          /* number of bytes to capture */

      /* get number of bytes to capture */
      count = calc_count();
      if (count == 0)
            count = LLONG_MAX;
      /* WAVE-file should be even (I'm not sure), but wasting one byte
         isn't a problem (this can only be in 8 bit mono) */
      if (count < LLONG_MAX)
            count += count % 2;
      else
            count -= count % 2;

      /* display verbose output to console */
      header(file_type, name);

      /* setup sound hardware */
      set_params();

      /* write to stdout? */
      if (!name || !strcmp(name, "-")) {
            fd = fileno(stdout);
            name = "stdout";
            tostdout=1;
            if (count > fmt_rec_table[file_type].max_filesize)
                  count = fmt_rec_table[file_type].max_filesize;
      }

      do {
            /* open a file to write */
            if(!tostdout) {
                  /* upon the second file we start the numbering scheme */
                  if (filecount) {
                        filecount = new_capture_file(orig_name, namebuf,
                                               sizeof(namebuf),
                                               filecount);
                        name = namebuf;
                  }
                  
                  /* open a new file */
                  remove(name);
                  if ((fd = open64(name, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0644)) == -1) {
                        perror(name);
                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                  }
                  filecount++;
            }

            rest = count;
            if (rest > fmt_rec_table[file_type].max_filesize)
                  rest = fmt_rec_table[file_type].max_filesize;

            /* setup sample header */
            if (fmt_rec_table[file_type].start)
                  fmt_rec_table[file_type].start(fd, rest);

            /* capture */
            fdcount = 0;
            while (rest > 0) {
                  size_t c = (rest <= (off64_t)chunk_bytes) ?
                        (size_t)rest : chunk_bytes;
                  size_t f = c * 8 / bits_per_frame;
                  if (pcm_read(audiobuf, f) != f)
                        break;
                  if (write(fd, audiobuf, c) != c) {
                        perror(name);
                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                  }
                  count -= c;
                  rest -= c;
                  fdcount += c;
            }

            /* finish sample container */
            if (fmt_rec_table[file_type].end && !tostdout) {
                  fmt_rec_table[file_type].end(fd);
                  fd = -1;
            }

            /* repeat the loop when format is raw without timelimit or
             * requested counts of data are recorded
             */
      } while ((file_type == FORMAT_RAW && !timelimit) || count > 0);
}

static void playbackv_go(int* fds, unsigned int channels, size_t loaded, off64_t count, int rtype, char **names)
{
      int r;
      size_t vsize;

      unsigned int channel;
      u_char *bufs[channels];

      header(rtype, names[0]);
      set_params();

      vsize = chunk_bytes / channels;

      // Not yet implemented
      assert(loaded == 0);

      for (channel = 0; channel < channels; ++channel)
            bufs[channel] = audiobuf + vsize * channel;

      while (count > 0) {
            size_t c = 0;
            size_t expected = count / channels;
            if (expected > vsize)
                  expected = vsize;
            do {
                  r = safe_read(fds[0], bufs[0], expected);
                  if (r < 0) {
                        perror(names[channel]);
                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                  }
                  for (channel = 1; channel < channels; ++channel) {
                        if (safe_read(fds[channel], bufs[channel], r) != r) {
                              perror(names[channel]);
                              exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                        }
                  }
                  if (r == 0)
                        break;
                  c += r;
            } while (c < expected);
            c = c * 8 / bits_per_sample;
            r = pcm_writev(bufs, channels, c);
            if ((size_t)r != c)
                  break;
            r = r * bits_per_frame / 8;
            count -= r;
      }
      snd_pcm_nonblock(handle, 0);
      snd_pcm_drain(handle);
      snd_pcm_nonblock(handle, nonblock);
}

static void capturev_go(int* fds, unsigned int channels, off64_t count, int rtype, char **names)
{
      size_t c;
      ssize_t r;
      unsigned int channel;
      size_t vsize;
      u_char *bufs[channels];

      header(rtype, names[0]);
      set_params();

      vsize = chunk_bytes / channels;

      for (channel = 0; channel < channels; ++channel)
            bufs[channel] = audiobuf + vsize * channel;

      while (count > 0) {
            size_t rv;
            c = count;
            if (c > chunk_bytes)
                  c = chunk_bytes;
            c = c * 8 / bits_per_frame;
            if ((size_t)(r = pcm_readv(bufs, channels, c)) != c)
                  break;
            rv = r * bits_per_sample / 8;
            for (channel = 0; channel < channels; ++channel) {
                  if ((size_t)write(fds[channel], bufs[channel], rv) != rv) {
                        perror(names[channel]);
                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                  }
            }
            r = r * bits_per_frame / 8;
            count -= r;
            fdcount += r;
      }
}

static void playbackv(char **names, unsigned int count)
{
      int ret = 0;
      unsigned int channel;
      unsigned int channels = rhwparams.channels;
      int alloced = 0;
      int fds[channels];
      for (channel = 0; channel < channels; ++channel)
            fds[channel] = -1;

      if (count == 1 && channels > 1) {
            size_t len = strlen(names[0]);
            char format[1024];
            memcpy(format, names[0], len);
            strcpy(format + len, ".%d");
            len += 4;
            names = malloc(sizeof(*names) * channels);
            for (channel = 0; channel < channels; ++channel) {
                  names[channel] = malloc(len);
                  sprintf(names[channel], format, channel);
            }
            alloced = 1;
      } else if (count != channels) {
            error(_("You need to specify %d files"), channels);
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }

      for (channel = 0; channel < channels; ++channel) {
            fds[channel] = open(names[channel], O_RDONLY, 0);
            if (fds[channel] < 0) {
                  perror(names[channel]);
                  ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
                  goto __end;
            }
      }
      /* should be raw data */
      init_raw_data();
      pbrec_count = calc_count();
      playbackv_go(fds, channels, 0, pbrec_count, FORMAT_RAW, names);

      __end:
      for (channel = 0; channel < channels; ++channel) {
            if (fds[channel] >= 0)
                  close(fds[channel]);
            if (alloced)
                  free(names[channel]);
      }
      if (alloced)
            free(names);
      if (ret)
            exit(ret);
}

static void capturev(char **names, unsigned int count)
{
      int ret = 0;
      unsigned int channel;
      unsigned int channels = rhwparams.channels;
      int alloced = 0;
      int fds[channels];
      for (channel = 0; channel < channels; ++channel)
            fds[channel] = -1;

      if (count == 1) {
            size_t len = strlen(names[0]);
            char format[1024];
            memcpy(format, names[0], len);
            strcpy(format + len, ".%d");
            len += 4;
            names = malloc(sizeof(*names) * channels);
            for (channel = 0; channel < channels; ++channel) {
                  names[channel] = malloc(len);
                  sprintf(names[channel], format, channel);
            }
            alloced = 1;
      } else if (count != channels) {
            error(_("You need to specify %d files"), channels);
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
      }

      for (channel = 0; channel < channels; ++channel) {
            fds[channel] = open(names[channel], O_WRONLY + O_CREAT, 0644);
            if (fds[channel] < 0) {
                  perror(names[channel]);
                  ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
                  goto __end;
            }
      }
      /* should be raw data */
      init_raw_data();
      pbrec_count = calc_count();
      capturev_go(fds, channels, pbrec_count, FORMAT_RAW, names);

      __end:
      for (channel = 0; channel < channels; ++channel) {
            if (fds[channel] >= 0)
                  close(fds[channel]);
            if (alloced)
                  free(names[channel]);
      }
      if (alloced)
            free(names);
      if (ret)
            exit(ret);
}

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